The Viggen was initially developed as an intended replacement for the Saab 32 Lansen in the attack role and later the Saab 35 Draken as a fighter. In December 1961, the Swedish government gave its approval for the development of Aircraft System 37, which would ultimately become the Viggen.
The Viggen (Thunderbolt) was developed by Sweden in the mid-1950s as a fighter and attack plane which could take off and land from specially prepared roads without the maintenance highly trained personnel, with the additional capacity of reaching Mach 1 at low altitude and Mach 2 at high altitudes. A delta-winged design with aiding canards was therefore selected, allowing operations within 500 m airstrips. The turbofan engine, selected for fuel economy, was quite particular, being one of few which featured an afterburner and mechanical thrust-reverser combination; it was also unusually large (6.1 m x 1.35 m). Produced in 329 units, the Viggen remained operational until 2007.
Max. takeoff weight: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb)
Maximum speed: Mach 2.1, 2,231 km/h (1,386 mph) at 11,000 m
Range: 2,000 km internal fuel only (1242 mi)
Related Articles#jet #fighterPlane #warMachine #Saab #jetFightersCurrentandPast
Hawker Sea Hawk Early jet fighterThe Sea Hawk is an early jet fighter developed by Britain after World War II to take advantage of the new jet propulsion.
Folland Gnat Lightweight fighterThe Folland Gnat is a small British fighter jet conceived as a lightweight aircraft for combat and training.
Yakovlev-141 Freestyle Supersonic Vertical Take off and Landing Fighter AircraftThis Soviet jet was meant to surpass any previous VTOL-capable fighter.
Gloster Meteor Jet fighterThe Gloster Meteor was the first Allied jet fighter and was developed by Britain from 1940 to its first flight in 1943. Its engines, however — the main complication in jet aviation — had been in planning since 1936.
Tupolev Tu-28 Fiddler InterceptorThe Tu-28 is the largest and heaviest fighter ever built.
British Aircraft Corporation TSR-2 Strike and reconnaissance aircraftThe TSR-2 was designed to penetrate a well-defended forward battle area at low altitudes and very high speeds, attacking high-value targets in the rear with nuclear or conventional weapons.
F-15 Eagle Air superiority fighterThe Eagle was McDonnell Douglas' response to the U.S. Air Force's need for an air superiority fighter in 1968. Since its first flight in 1972, the Eagle perpetrated 104 kills in the air superiority role without a single loss.
HAL Tejas Light combat aircraftSince the 1970s, India depended mainly on the MiG-21 for the defense of its airspace. To replace that ageing aircraft, and to increase India's domestic aviation capability, the LCA program was begun in 1984.